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mssql access top分页方法

来源:IT技术网编辑:雨天发布于:2017-06-06人围观

mssql access top分页方法

双top法相比于not in和max法,就是可以传入一条sql语句来生成分页sql语句,也可多字段排序;
但是有利也有弊,它要求排序字段必须构成唯一记录,且select后的字段列表中,不允许出现与排序字段同名的字段。
虽然sql2k5及以上版本已经提供了rownum()来进行分页处理,但是使用sql2k进行开发的还是较多的

using system;
using system.collections.generic;
using system.text;

/// <summary>
/// 构造分页后的sql语句
/// </summary>
public static class paginghelper
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 获取分页sql语句,排序字段需要构成唯一记录
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="_recordcount">记录总数</param>
    /// <param name="_pagesize">每页记录数</param>
    /// <param name="_pageindex">当前页数</param>
    /// <param name="_safesql">sql查询语句</param>
    /// <param name="_orderfield">排序字段,多个则用“,”隔开</param>
    /// <returns>分页sql语句</returns>
    public static string createpagingsql(int _recordcount, int _pagesize, int _pageindex, string _safesql, string _orderfield)
    {
        //重新组合排序字段,防止有错误
        string[] arrstrorders = _orderfield.split(new char[] { ',' }, stringsplitoptions.removeemptyentries);
        stringbuilder sboriginalorder = new stringbuilder(); //原排序字段
        stringbuilder sbreverseo教程rder = new stringbuilder(); //与原排序字段相反,用于分页
        for (int i = 0; i < arrstrorders.length; i++)
        {
            arrstrorders[i] = arrstrorders[i].trim();  //去除前后空格
            if (i != 0)
            {
                sboriginalorder.append(", ");
                sbreverseorder.append(", ");
            }
            sboriginalorder.append(arrstrorders[i]);

            int index = arrstrorders[i].indexof(" "); //判断是否有升降标识
            if (index > 0)
            {
                //替换升降标识,分页所需
                bool flag = arrstrorders[i].indexof(" desc", stringcomparison.ordinalignorecase) != -1;
                sbreverseorder.appendformat("{0} {1}", arrstrorders[i].remove(index), flag ? "asc" : "desc");
            }
            else
            {
                sbreverseorder.appendformat("{0} desc", arrstrorders[i]);
            }
        }

        //计算总页数
        _pagesize = _pagesize == 0 ? _recordcount : _pagesize;
        int pagecount = (_recordcount + _pagesize - 1) / _pagesize;

        //检查当前页数
        if (_pageindex < 1)
        {
            _pageindex = 1;
        }
        else if (_pageindex > pagecount)
        {
            _pageindex = pagecount;
        }

        stringbuilder sbsql = new stringbuilder();
        //第一页时,直接使用top n,而不进行分页查询
        if (_pageindex == 1)
        {
            sbsql.appendformat(" select top {0} * ", _pagesize);
            sbsql.appendformat(" from ({0}) as t ", _safesql);
            sbsql.appendformat(" order by {0} ", sboriginalorder.tostring());
        }
        //最后一页时,减少一个top n 
        else if (_pageindex == pagecount)
        {
            sbsql.append(" select * from ");
            sbsql.append(" ( ");
            sbsql.appendformat(" select top {0} * ", _recordcount - _pagesize * (_pageindex - 1));
            sbsql.appendformat(" from ({0}) as t ", _safesql);
            sbsql.appendformat(" order by {0} ", sbreverseorder.tostring());
            sbsql.append(" ) as t ");
            sbsql.appendformat(" order by {0} ", sboriginalorder.tostring());
        }
        //前半页数时的分页
        else if (_pageindex < (pagecount / 2 + pagecount % 2))
        {
            sbsql.append(" select * from ");
            sbsql.append(" ( ");
            sbsql.appendformat(" select top {0} * from ", _pagesize);
            sbsql.append(" ( ");
            sbsql.appendformat(" select top {0} * ", _pagesize * _pageindex);
            sbsql.appendformat(" from ({0}) as t ", _safesql);
            sbsql.appendformat(" order by {0} ", sboriginalorder.tostring());
            sbsql.append(" ) as t ");
            sbsql.appendformat(" order by {0} ", sbreverseorder.tostring());
            sbsql.append(" ) as t ");
            sbsql.appendformat(" order by {0} ", sboriginalorder.tostring());
        }
        //后半页数时的分页
        else
        {
            sbsql.appendformat(" select top {0} * from ", _pagesize);
            sbsql.append(" ( ");
            sbsql.appendformat(" select top {0} * ", ((_recordcount % _pagesize) + _pagesize * (pagecount - _pageindex)));
            sbsql.appendformat(" from ({0}) as t ", _safesql);
            sbsql.appendformat(" order by {0} ", sbreverseorder.tostring());
            sbsql.append(" ) as t ");
            sbsql.appendformat(" order by {0} ", sboriginalorder.tostring());
        }

        return sbsql.tostring();
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 获取记录总数sql语句
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="_n">限定记录数</param>
    /// <param name="_safesql">sql查询语句</param>
    /// <returns>记录总数sql语句</returns>
    public static string createtopnsql(int _n, string _safesql)
    {
        return string.format(" select top {0} * from ({1}) as t ", _n, _safesql);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 获取记录总数sql语句
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="_safesql">sql查询语句</param>
    /// <returns>记录总数sql语句</returns>
    public static string createcountingsql(string _safesql)
    {
        return string.format(" select count(1) as recordcount from ({0}) as t ", _safesql);
    }
}

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